5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Tree Topology | Drawbacks & Benefits of Tree Topology

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5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Tree Topology | Drawbacks & Benefits of Tree Topology

5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Tree Topology | Drawbacks & Benefits of Tree Topology
A network topology called tree topology is created by combining the bus and star topologies. As its name implies, it has a tree-like hierarchical structure. All of the star networks are like branches of a trunk, which is the backbone cable.

It consists essentially of a collection of computers connected to a bus topology backbone connection via star topology networks. These days, cable TV networks, computer networks, and different computer programs are all powered by this networking architecture. The capacity of tree topology to connect two nodes with a single connection is one of its distinctive features. It can use twisted, coaxial, or fiber cables for this purpose.

Tree topology has numerous servers by default. Large networks are the ideal fit for these kinds of organizations. Tree topologies are thought to be the simplest networks, however they aren't perfect. It also has restrictions. It is important to weigh the benefits and drawbacks of this approach before implementing it on a computer network.

I'll be outlining 
5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Tree Topology | Drawbacks & Benefits of Tree Topology in this post. You will learn about the benefits and drawbacks of employing tree topology from this post.

Advantages of Tree Topology

1. Scalability

Even with limited space, growing a tree topology network is a simple procedure. The hierarchical structure of a tree topology network enables the addition of numerous secondary nodes. More computers can be readily added for each hub, provided that there are sufficient hubs.

2. Robustness

Because tree topology is segmented, the failure of one workstation won't interfere with the functionality of the others. In the event that a hub fails, the network can still function. but not if there is a backbone cable failure. The foundation of the entire network is the primary backbone cable.

3. Troubleshooting

3. In a network with a tree topology, error detection and troubleshooting are simple procedures. The identification of problems is facilitated by the straightforward architecture of tree topology. When a disconnection happens, administrators can quickly locate the location and resolve the issue.

4. Cable Requirement

There aren't many cables needed for a tree topology network installation. A single backbone cable serves as the common link between each segment. In order to guarantee low latency and high bandwidth, point-to-point wiring is assigned to each tree network.

5. Device Support

5. When adding new devices, one of the finest options to take into account is tree topology. This network's hybrid design makes it possible for different manufacturers to provide support. Additionally, this guarantees that administrators will have easy access to the devices for repairs and other tasks.

Disadvantages of Tree Topology

1. Installation

One factor that restricts the adoption of networks with tree topology is installation. Tree topology combines bus and star networks, hence there will be a significant amount of cabling needed. Because of this, installing a tree is the most expensive and challenging process.


2. Cost

The cable length of a tree topology is another factor to consider. When point-to-point connections are being created, tree topologies are by default restricted to a specific duration. It is more challenging to wire it as a result. Despite this, there will be a significant wiring required if the network needs to be expanded, which could raise overall costs.

3. Security

The security of tree topology is likewise really poor. In a tree topology system, every workstation is connected to every other workstation. This implies that any machine on the network has access to any data that travels over it. A hacker can quickly compromise the entire network system if they are able to take over a workstation.

4. Maintenance

Tree topology is typically enormous, making maintenance and configuration challenging. Managing individual star networks, point-to-point connections, and defect detection takes a lot of time. This explains why a lot of major corporations don't like tree architecture when implementing networks these days.

5. Reliability

The backbone cable is the foundation of the entire tree topology network. The segment's components will be impacted if the main cable fails in any way. The point at which a failure occurred determines the extent of the failure. All segments preceding a damaged branch will have malfunctions, while the remaining segments will continue to work normally in terms of communication.

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